As the new volunteer editor of the SPACE newsletter I will do the best I can to get this rag out every month but I would like to have some contributions from the membership or I will publish what I prefer which may or may not be what you all like. If you canít contribute anything then let me know what you would like to find out about and I will find something. I would especially like to see something humorous from time to time. But please, no politics. I am relinquishing the Disk Of the Month building to Terry Streeter in November. I have enjoyed that job since 1987 and I would like to thank Glen Kirschenmann who has done a wonderful job selling DOMís, buying supplies and attempting to keep me organized.
October 8, 1993
Space meeting started at 7:35 pm. All officers present. Nathan Block, President of the club, welcomed everybody present at the meeting. He then introduced the officers of the club.
Nathanís first order of business was to talk about plans for the Spaceís Christmas party in December. Plans are ham and beverage, being provided by club. The rest will be potluck, with a potluck sign-up list being circulated at November meeting. And an announcement in the November newsletter. This sign-up list will be made up by Vice-president Sherm Erickson. Nathan Block is hoping Ray Wafer will bring sole of his homemade potatoe salad. Terry Streeter, suggested having a big turkey instead of ham. After a long discussion, it was decided to stick with a ham, because of preparation concerns. The beverage will be provided by the place the President works.
The next order of business was to talk about the clubís newsletter. Larry Serflaten the current editor of the newsletter would like to step down because of equipment problems. He doesnít have a printer with graphics capacity. Joe Danko has agreed to take over as newsletter editor.
Joeís duties as DOM Maker will be taken over by Terry Streeter. Glen Kirschenmann will continue to make the disk copies. Bill Cotter, a club member, mentioned the club buying the software for the new editor. So the newsletter can be produced. The software will be purchased. Terry Streeter mentioned the Space Club having a raffle, so a printer can be purchased for club use.
Larry Serflaten talked about his game program for sale for $7.00. He also touched on the subject of producing leaflets to advertise the Space Atari Club, These leaflets would be left at computer locations that have Atari hardware and software. This would let Atari computer users find out about the club.
The club discussed the financial situation with the Atari ST Group. Terry Streeter asked if he could donate a color TV for the Space Christmas Party Raffle. Nathan welcomed the offer.
The Ham lest at the Civic Center on October 30, 1993 was discussed. Sherm Erickson said that Mike Schmidt had made arrangements for the booth at the Ham Fest. Sherm Erickson, Tom Stellmach, Larry Serflaten, Mike Weist, and Mike Schmidt will mann the booth.
Nominations for Officers in November was discussed. Nathan asked if anybody was interested in running for an office. Sherm Erickson made the motion to accept the slate of officers and the club position changes mentioned earlier. It was 2nd, approved.
Mike Fitzpatrick, club sysop, talked about glitches with B0b-Term Modem Program when being used with high speed modems, such as a 9600 baud modem, Has been in contact with Bob Puff. He had a fun time talking to our club when he came to the Twin Cities. And wouldnít mind a return visit in future. Greg Leinter gave his treasury report. He mentioned that our club will incur big bills after the October meeting. Will bring club treasury balance down to around $300.
Nathan Block, club president, talked about his busy college schedule and the need to be absent from some of the future club meetings. In this case, he said, the club vice president would take over his duties. Nathan Block thanked everybody for coming and the meeting adjourned at 8:35 pm.
HamFest Ď93 was held at the Civic Center in St. Paul, Minn,on October 38, 1993. There were product booths, club booths, and a big flea market area. This year at the Space Booth, Mike Schmidt, Larry Serflaten, Sherm Erickson, Tom Stelmach, and I dutifully operated the booth. I showed up to help operate the Space booth at about 11 am. To my surprise, the show was so big, I couldnít locate the Space booth immediatelY. While looking for our booth I ran into fellow Space club member, Larry Serflaten. Larry directed me to the booth. Thanks goes out to Larry, if it wasnít for him I would of been looking all day for the Space booth. When we approached our booth, I saw monitors with Atari programs running, club information forms, and people looking at our booth. Our booth was visited by fellow Space members and lots of Hamfesters. While at the show and operating the booth it is a fun time to sit and talk with the other people about Atari this and that. If you havenít volunteered to work at the Space booth, you donít know what you are missing. Hamfest is over, but Midwinter Madness, at National Sports Center-Blaine, is just around the corner. And then in the summer there is the Amateur Show at Aldrich Arena-in Maplewood. There were a few bargains to be had. I saw a person walking around with a Atari 1050 Disk Drive. I talked to him and he told me he paid $5 for it and it worked. What a bargain! I roamed around the flea market and found a few bargains like computer paper, floppy disks, computer program manuels for close to nothing etc. I think alots of bargains were found by the other people that operated the booth. Last of all, thanks is in order for the people that operated the booth and a special thanks is in order to Mike Schmidt and Sherm Erickson for taking care of the Hamfest booth and display equipment arrangements. THANKS!!!!!!See you all at the next Space meeting in November.
The October SPACE meeting gave the members who were present a nice change of pace. Having our meeting in the round made it much more informal and relaxing. There seemed to be a greater involvment by the members with this format and I hope we can do this again at future meetings. The more members we can get involved with the discussions of Club business and other topics that come up the stronger our club will be. That is a positive sign that shows our Club is here to stay for many years to come.
As for the Treasury business for October, I have good and not so good news. You noticed I didnít say bad news. First the good news is that we had a tremendous month of receipts, We had five membership renewals and strong sales of Disks of the Month, blank disks, etc. Our monthly take totaled $196. Good job and a special thanks to Glen who had to keep up with a very busy night of sales.
The not so good news is that the Club bad some major expense commitments it had to pay in October. They included:
We ended up with a balance in our account of $516.29 which represents a reuction in our account of $172.33.
Thanks to all the membersí support who attended the October meeting and letís try to repeat that support again for the November meeting. See you then.
Sales Expenses Software 45.00 Newsletter 23.20 Disks 66.00 BBS Sep/Oct 46.98 Memberships 75.00 Room Rent Disk Boxes 4.00 3-Months 90.00 Disk Notchers 6.00 Disk Supplies 208.15 196.00 368.33 Net Deposit -172.33
Atari 2600 emlation on a PC???
attempt in one of the video games groups to organize an effort to produce an Atari 2600 emulator for the PC (to run carts that were somehow downloaded to disk). Besides the obvious copyright issues involved in doing this, they quickly found out, as they dug deeper into the problems, that even the limited hardware of the 2600 would be very challenging to completely emulate in software on the PC. The 8-bit would probably be even more difficult to emulate. Actually, I think the 8 bit would be easier. Iíve seen the emulator code for the ST, and while itís not real-time, it is a pretty complete emulation. A fast IBM clone could do an even better job than an 8 MHz ST. Almost anything can be emulated if you have enough power. On the 2600 though, itís a bit harder. ThereĎs so many aspects of 2600 programming that rely not on what you do, but *when* you do it. It has tobe +/- 0 cycles in many cases. Getting that kind of accuracy, or finding some substitute, would be a real challenge.
John Harris - jharris@c
Star Raiders operation info for those who have a cartridge with no instructions. Enjoy the first (some say the best) 8 K game ever designed.
Date: 18 Sep 93 19:11:01 GMT From: firstname.lastname@example.org Subject: Newbie questions:Star Raiders, Assembly To: Info-Atari8@naucse.cse.nau.edu email@example.com (samuel zehr) writes: Hi all. I just bought a 600XL that came with Star Raiders. I'm not really sure what to do, as it didn't come with instructions. Any pointers? Well... here's the commands: Title screen: Start - start game Select - select difficulty (novice, etc. .. 4 levels. Novice being the EASY easiest.) Reset - reset... Good for if you're mean and take carts. out while the power's on, like I do. (Hey! I don't wanna lose my RAM-disk!) During game: Start - Return to title. Select - Same as Start. F - forward view A - aft view L - long range (above) view. Can't kill the enemies here, at least it's not at all EASY! (I never have). G - galactic map. From here, use the stick to position the second cursor (the first stays in the square you currently are in) to the square you WANT to go to. You will then be sent there when you go into Hyper space. H - Hyperspace. See above. Also, ALWAYS do it from Front view (select Front or Aft, and if Tracking's on, it will automatically "track" the little pointer.) You MUST keep the pointer as close to the center (crosshairs) as you can to be sent to the proper place on the map! In Novice mode, you don't have to worry. I always select the fastest speed before a Hyper space jump so that the pointer is moving around as little as possible (you have to get up to Hyper space speed before you go into hyper space!) 0 - Full stop. Slows speed down to true 0. Also aborts H. 1-9 - Different speeds. One being slowest. 9 is NOT the speed just before hyper space speed, but is very close. See above :). C - Computers on/off. When computers are on you get cross- hairs and a window on the lower right which shows the position of an enemy relative to your display. M - Change the currently-tracked enemy. This lets you chose an enemy to be "tracked" by sensors. Info. is given at the bottom for it's "azimuth" and "altitude" and distance ("R"), and it is the enemy being shown in the window. T - Computer-tracking on/off. This automatically changes your view to the currently-tracked enemy. (Note: Computer usually picks the closest enemy. Or maybe it's just Tracking-computer? Experiment. Try hitting [M] and see if the T-C disagrees with you! :) ) Your view will flip from Front to Aft depending on the position of the enemy. It gets annoying sometimes. In Aft view you don't have the little window, and also the controls are backwards (of course!) P - Pause the game. |/| - Inverse button (or Atari Fuji logo on the 400/800s). Abort game. (It gives score and stuff). Galactic Map: Things listed: => <- a ship-shape. 1 or 2 enemies in sector =- <- three dashes. 3 enemies in sector == <- four dashes. 4 enemies in sector * <- "Star" or "Asterisk". Star base in sector. Damage control: At the bottom, it says: "DC:PESCLR". DC means damage control. P means photons E engines S shields C computer L long range R radio (updates map) Blue means ok. Yellow means damaged. Red = destroyed. Ever ".00" and ".50" on the "Star Date:" clock, the enemies move. If a starbase is surrounded, you are informed and have very little time to go save it by destroying some of the enemies around it. If you take too long, you die. To get to a starbase, simply go to the G-map, point to a starbase, go to F-forward view (it might jump to Aft if you're in Tracking mode.. It's ok), and H-hyper-space. It will be tracked, just "home-in on it". It's a blinking yellow thing. Don't shoot. You CAN kill it! :) Get as close as possible (front view) and it will say "ORBIT ESTABLISHED"/"DOCKING". A little blinking silver guy will fly up to you (dont move) and fix you / replenish your energy. On the game screen, the following data is displayed: E:9999 energy. 9999 is maximum. 0000 is death! V:00 velocity. "43" is -speed, the fastest. K:00 kills! T:01 tracking. The "T" will be a "C" if the [T]-tracking comp. is on. o:+00 Vertical position. 0:+00 Horizontal position. R:+100 Distance. (App 150 if "o" and "0" are "00" is about as far as it can be to be barely visible.) Little window: The Computer's window looks like this: +---+---+ | | | | +---+ | |-| |-| | +---+ | | | | +-------+ The box in the middle is where the enemy will be if it's "on the screen". If it looks like this: +---+---+ | | | +-+---+-| <-dashes appear |-| |-| | +---+ | | | | +---+---+ Then you're horizontally "locked." If more dashes appear on the OPPOSITE side (below), then you're VERTICALLY "locked." And finally, if it looks like this (aka you're RANGE (distance) "locked" as WELL): +---+---+ | | | +-+---+-| |-| |-| |-+---+-| | ||| | <- last set of dashes +-------+ then shooting at the enemy will fire TWO SHOTS AT ONCE, BOTH LOCKED ONTO (and will try their best to hit) THE TARGET! :)
Michael Current, Cleveland Free-Net 8-bit Atari SIGOp ====================================== CLEVELAND FREE-NET ATARI SIG -- 16-Oct-93 ====================================== ====================================== From: MCURRENT@carleton.edu (Michael Current) Organization: UTexas Mail-to-News Gateway Date: 15 Oct 1993 10:32:20 -0500 Subject: 8-bit Atari Vendors and Developers Lines: 611 Atari Archive: 8bit/faq2.txt All Known World-Wide 8-Bit Atari Vendors and Developers A Companion to the 8-bit Atari FAQ List Updated 25-Sep-93 This file is posted to the comp.sys.atari.8bit/Info-Atari8 Digest discussion group on the 15th of the month. There is also usually a fairly recent copy available on the Atari Archive as the file 8bit/faq2.txt. The main portion of the FAQ List is posted to this discussion group on the 1st of the month. Please send updates to Michael Current: Internet: mcurr...@carleton.edu UUCP: ...!umn-cs!ccnfld!mcurrent Cleveland Free-Net: aa700 This list won't be complete and accurate without YOUR help. AEL 8-Bit PD Library C/O Bill Marcum P.O. Box 34183 Louisville, KY U.S.A. 40232 Vendor: PD/shareware Aerion Software P.O. Box 1222, Riverdale Station New York, NY U.S.A. 10471-1222 tel: (212) 548-0514 Developer: Fury: The Wrath of Taljun Cathu AMC-Verlag Bluecherstr. 17 W-6200 Wiesbaden Germany tel: +49 611/405611 Developer: Portronic (joystick port switch/extension) Stereo upgrade, Herbert I, Herbert II, other games American Techna-Vision Mail Order: 15338 Inverness St. San Leandro, CA U.S.A. 94579-2016 tel: 1-800-551-9995 Sales Office: 1903 Fairway Drive San Leandro, CA U.S.A. 94577 tel: (510) 352-3787 Vendor: new hardware, commercial software Amethyst Software 211 South Kansas Danville, IL U.S.A. 61832 Vendor: commercial/PD/shareware ANG (A New Generation Software) Ridderkerksestraat 60 3114 RK Schiedam Netherlands Vendor: Polish Software, Mega-Magazine, other software/hardware Developer: Stereo Kit (XL/XE compatible, incl 1 extra pokey chip) T-Shirts with Atari 8-bit game motives on it ASF s.c ul. Rzeczpospolitej 8 80-369 Gdansk Poland Vendor: ???software Developer: ???software ATESIG c/o Decker G. McAllister, Jr. 145 Surf Place Seal Beach, CA U.S.A. 90740-5909 tel: (310) 430-5433 tel: (310) 596-6123 Developer: model railroading related B&C ComputerVisions 2730 Scott Boulevard Santa Clara, CA U.S.A. 95050 tel: (408) 986-9960 Vendor: new/used hardware, commercial/PD/shareware B&G Electronics 15729 Madison Ave. Lakewood, OH U.S.A. 44107 tel: (216) 521-2855 BBS: (216)-228-7335 Vendor: used hardware, commercial/PD/shareware Bellcom P.O. Box 1043 Peterborough, Ontario Canada K9J 7A5 Vendor: PD/shareware Bensley Consulting 115 E. State St. P.O. Box 301 Westfield, IL U.S.A. 62474-0301 tel: (217) 967-5465 Developer: various software Best Electronics 2021 The Alameda, Suite 290 San Jose, CA U.S.A. 95126 tel: (408) 243-6950 Vendor: new hardware, commercial software Developer: TT Touch, Best Joystick, Best Light Gun Black Moon Systems P.O. Box 152 Wind Gap, PA U.S.A. 18091 Developer: Small Business System, Label Master, Multi-Column Lister Bolt's Electronic Repair Service 15737 Lemarsh Street Sepulveda, CA U.S.A. 91343 tel: (818) 893-9664 BRE Software 352 W. Bedford, Suite 104 Fresno, CA U.S.A. 93711 tel: 1-800-347-6760 tel: (209) 432-3072 Vendor: PD/shareware Bresnik Software 555 Ware Street Mansfield, MA U.S.A. 02048-2925 tel: (508) 339-6090 Developer: Illusions/Audiovisualizer, Ecologian, Word-Search Maker, Animals, Mathematics, Fractals C&T ComputerActive P.O. Box 893 Clinton, OK U.S.A. 73601 ???what???: ???what??? Change In Heat 12 Bella Vista Place Iowa City, Iowa 52245 U.S.A. 52245 Developer: Pondering About Max's, 1 other game ???what??? Compsult P.O. Box 5160 San Luis Obispo, CA U.S.A. 93403-5160 Vendor: commercial software Computer Software Services P.O. Box 17660 Rochester, NY U.S.A. 14617 tel: (716) 429-5639 FAX: (716) 247-7158 BBS: (716) 247-7157 Developer: Black Box, Black Box Enhancer, Hard Drive Pro Backup, SIO Power Booster, Super-E Burner, Quintopus, Power Plus, Multiplexer, XF551 Enhancer, XF Single Drive Upgrade, XF Dual Drive Upgrade, Super Archiver, Super Archiver II, Bit-Writer, Ultra Speed Plus OS, Floppy Board, XF551 Update, Bit-Writer Dataque Software P.O. Box 134 Ontario, OH U.S.A. 44862 tel: (419) 529-2478 / (419) 529-9797 <-- which is right? Developer: TransKey, Turbo-816x, Programmer's Pal, Turbo-Calc, Turbo-View Graphical Operating Environment, Alf Assembler, blank cartridges DGS 62 Thomson Ave. Balby, Doncaster England DN4 0NU Vendor: used hardware, commercial/PD/shareware Developer: Digi-Studio Net: d...@aber.ac.uk Discount Video & Computers 1717 South U.S. 1 Fort Pierce, FL U.S.A. 34950 Vendor: ???what??? Dorsett Educational Systems 408 Mission Drive Camarillo, CA U.S.A. 93010 tel: 1-800-654-3871 FAX: (805) 484-3327 Developer: Educational Master Cartridge, approx. 1000 educational programs DynaComp Software 178 Phillips Road Webster, NY U.S.A. 14580 tel: 1-800-828-6772 tel: (716) 265-4040 Developer: various software East Hartford Computer 202 Robert Street East Hartford, CT U.S.A. 06108 Vendor: commercial software Jeff Edwards 138 South Main St. Travelers Rest, SC U.S.A. 29690 Developer: Digital Music System, PrintShop/Awardware graphics The Electronic Clinic 4916 Del-Ray Ave. Bethesda, MD U.S.A. 20814 tel: (301) 656-7983 Vendor: used hardware, commercial software Entertainment Excellence 1805 Princeton Place Merrick, NY U.S.A. 11566 Vendor: commercial software Evangelo's Atari Software Angelo V. 27 Stiles Street Elizabeth, NJ U.S.A. 07208 tel: (908) 558-9518 Vendor: comercial software Excel c/o Robert Stuart 21 Stronsay Way Broomlands, Irvine, Strathclyde Scotland KA11 1HZ tel: 0294-212352 Vendor: commercial/PD/shareware Roy Goldman 2440 South Jasmine Denver, CO U.S.A. 80222 Shareware developer: Daisy-Dot III Gralin International 11 Shillito Road Parkstone, Poole, Dorset England BH12 2BN Vendor: new hardware, commercial software Developer: MIDIMaster II, DigiDrum II, Replay Sound Sampling System, Datari Serial Interface & Multi-Viewterm Frank Hilke 1805 Princeton Ave. Merrick, N.Y. 11566 ?????: ????? /HS\-Computertechnik c/o Tobias Hang Berliner Str. 31 D-55435 Gau-Algesheim Germany tel: (0)6725/2488 Developer: joystick port monitor, 8 channel relais interface, Interface Control Application Software (INCA), 8 channel Logic Analyser IB Computers 9244 S.W. Beaverton-Hills Hwy Valley Plaza Shopping Center Beaverton, OR U.S.A. 97005 tel: (503) 297-8425 ???what???: ???what??? K-Products P.O. Box 22122 AMF Salt Lake City, UT U.S.A. 84122 tel: (801) 967-7400 Developer: BBS Express! Professional, KPI Hard Drive Interface, Hardback & Restore H/D Util., D-K Utilities Kake Software 9 Smith Ct. Vincentown, NJ U.S.A. 08088 Vendor: PD/shareware Nick Kennedy 300 South Vancouver Russellville, AR U.S.A. 72801 tel: (501) 967-3843 Shareware developer: SIO2PC KE-SOFT Kemal Ezcan Frankenstr. 24 D-63477 Maintal Germany tel: +49-6181/87539 FAX: +49-6181/83436 Vendor: new hardware, commercial/PD/shareware Developer: Donald, Saper, Tactic, Zador II, Atomit II, Tecno Ninja, Fisher-Technik interface L&Y Electronics 13644C Jefferson Davis Hwy Woodbridge, VA U.S.A. 22191 tel: (703) 494-3444 FAX: (703) 494-3663 Vendor: used hardware Lake Almanor Public Domain (L.A.P.D.) c/o Stefanee Hoffee 333 Peninsula Drive Lake Almanor, CA U.S.A. 96137 Vendor: PD/shareware LK Avalon PO BOX 66 35-959 Rzeszow 2 Poland Vendor: ???software Developer: ???software Mars Merchandising 1041 E. St. Charles Rd. Lombard, IL U.S.A. 60148-2059 tel: (708) MARS-INC Vendor: commercial software Micro Discount 265 Chester Road Streetly, West Midlands England B74 3EA tel: 021-353-5730 FAX: 021-352-1669 Vendor: new/used hardware, commercial software Developer: Print-LAB, Tricky Print, Turbo Charger Miles Better Software 219/221 Cannock Road Chadsmoor, Cannock, Staffordshire England WS11 2DD tel: 0543-466577/8/9 Vendor: commercial software More Than Games c/o Rick Detlefsen 8207 Briarwood Lane Austin, TX U.S.A. 78757-7642 CIS: 74766,1561 Net: rix...@rider.cactus.org Vendor: new/used hardware/software Developer: various utilities, hardware projects MWPDS 890 North Huntington St. Medina, OH U.S.A. 44256 ???what???: ???what??? National Educational Report Drawing Services (N.E.R.D.S.) Software c/o Don Loeffler 18 Wendy Drive Farmingville, NY U.S.A. 11738 Developer: PrintShop graphics Newell Industries P.O. Box 253 Wylie, TX U.S.A. 75098 tel: (214) 442-6612 BBS: (214) 442-2584 Developer: 256KXLE, MEG130/MEG65/MEGXL, RAMROD XL, RAMROD XL2, OSNXL, OmniView, RAMROD MMOS, RAMROD 2, RAMROD 3, OmniMon, Small Business Management, Small Business Management for the 130 No Frills Software 800 East 23rd Street Kearney, NE 68847 U.S.A. 68847 Developer: Converter, Converter Companion, P.S. Users Utility Disk, PrintShop graphics Novatari XL/XE PD Library C/O Geoffrey Dimego 8612 Thames Street Springfield, VA U.S.A. 22151 Vendor: PD/shareware Page 6 Publishing P.O. Box 54 Stafford England ST16 1DR tel: 0785-213928 FAX: 0785-54335 Vendor: commercial/PD/shareware Palette Imaging 1 Closter Commons STE 789 Closter, NJ U.S.A. 07624-0400 tel: (201) 767-3913 Developer: ChromaCAD Klaus Peters Moltkestrasse 29 D-W-5620 Velbert 1 Germany tel: (0)2051/84815 or 84410 FAX: (0)2051/85784 Developer: Megaram (1MB), 25K Bibomon, ROM-Disk XL/XE, Burner XL/XE, Speedy 1050, Disk Drive F2000, Sprint XL, Sound-Monitor Phantoms Atari 8-bit Box 331 Levisa Road MouthCard, KY U.S.A. 41548 ???what???: ???what??? Jeff Potter 814 Banbury Drive Port Orange, FL U.S.A. 32119 Net: pot...@sunny0.dab.ge.com CIS: 74030,2020 Shareware developer: APAC, Colrview Power Per Post Postfach 1640 D-W-7518 Bretten Germany Vendor: new hardware, commercial/PD/shareware Developer: Quick, Minesweeper, Glaggs It!, Rubber Ball, Screen Aided Management Purple Mountain Computers 15600 NE 8th St. Ste. A3-412 Bellevue, WA U.S.A. 98008 tel: (206) 399-8700 Vendor: used commercial software Sagamore Software 2104 Arapahoe Dr. Lafayette, IN U.S.A. 47905 Vendor: PD/shareware San Jose Computer 1278 Alma Court San Jose, CA U.S.A. 95112 tel: (408) 995-5080 FAX: (408) 995-5083 Vendor: new/used hardware, commercial software Software Infinity 642 East Waring Avenue State College, PA U.S.A. 16801 tel: (814) 238-7967 Vendor: commercial/PD/shareware Paul Sungenis Sharware developer: AtariLink BBS, PabMail PCBoard, PabQwk, Mboard 2000 Surplus Computer Software 3301 S. Harbor Blvd. Santa Ana, CA U.S.A. 92704 tel: (714) 751-2667 FAX: (714) 751-0914 Vendor: commercial software Tampa Computer Orphans 3530 Del Lago Circle #238 Tampa, FL U.S.A. 33614
Published by the Saint Paul Atari Computer Enthusiasts (SPACE), an independent organization with no business affiliation with ATARI Corporation. Permission is granted to any similar organization with which SPACE exchanges newsletters to reprint material from this newsletter. We do, however, ask that credit be given to the authors and to SPACE. Opinions expressed are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of SPACE, the club officers, club members or ATARI Corporation.